Different sizes and colors of aida cloth

Evenweave fabric is a popular choice for cross-stitching, embroidery, and other needlework projects. There’s a lot of evenweave fabrics though, and when you’re starting out it can be confusing – not to mention expensive – if you choose the wrong kind of fabric for your project.

This guide will help you understand evenweave fabrics: the rustic charm of linen, the crispness of cotton, or the smoothness of blends, based on the desired look and feel of your project.

What is Evenweave Fabric?

Evenweave fabrics are wonderfully uniform, made with the same number of threads per inch in both vertical and horizontal directions.

This structure provides a consistent grid of holes that make stitching a breeze.

Typically crafted from linen, cotton, rayon, or blends, evenweave is a top pick for precision and quality.

The Benefits of Using Evenweave

Using evenweave fabric helps ensure uniform stitches and simplifies the process of following complex patterns, thanks to its consistent weave. It’s versatile for various stitching techniques and thread types.

Understanding Thread Count

Thread count refers to the number of threads per square inch of fabric, affecting the size of stitches and the ease of threading.

Evenweave fabrics usually range from 18 to 32 threads per inch, with higher counts ideal for detailed work and lower counts better for beginners.

Popular Types of Evenweave

Introducing Aida: A Unique Evenweave

While traditionally grouped with evenweave fabrics, Aida offers a distinct experience. Zweigart, founded in 1877 in Germany, has been influential in popularizing Aida fabric among needleworkers. They produce high-quality Aida cloth in various counts and colors, making it widely accessible and a preferred choice for many in the needlecraft community.

Zweigart’s version of Aida fabric is known for its consistent quality, which ensures ease of stitching and durability. While they did not invent Aida fabric, their expertise in textile manufacturing has contributed to its ongoing popularity and development, providing crafters with reliable and versatile options for their projects.

Aida is also evenly woven, but its structure is more rigid and grid-like, making it especially popular for its ease of us, with stitchers of all experience levels.

You can learn more about Aida and how it compares to other evenweaves in our detailed post about Aida.

Colour Options

Aida has a vast range of colors, which cater to all sorts of project themes. From classic neutrals like white, cream, and black to vibrant hues like red, blue, green, and even metallic finishes, Aida provides an extensive palette.

Seasonal and variegated colors are also available, and on shops like Etsy, you’ll find delightful and unique hand-dyed Aida!


Linen is known for its natural beauty and durability, which makes it highly valued in the crafting world.


It’s made from the fibers of the flax plant, which has been cultivated for thousands of years. This fabric has a rich history, with evidence of its use dating back to ancient Egypt. Today, high-quality linen is primarily produced in Western Europe, particularly in countries like Belgium, France, and Ireland, where the climate is ideal for growing flax.

Linen’s use in needlework can be traced back to ancient civilizations, where it was prized for its strength and lustrous appearance. Over the centuries, it has been a staple fabric for a range of applications, from household linens (like bed sheets – we still call that group of fabrics ‘linen’ though they’re usually modern blends) to fine embroidery.

Its role in fashion and home décor continues to be significant, reflecting its enduring appeal. Linen is highly regarded for its natural luster, strength, and ability to soften with age.

It is a breathable fabric that is perfect for warm climates and offers a distinct texture that enhances the look of embroidery work. The natural variations in its fibers provide a unique beauty to each piece of needlework. Linen is also appreciated for its ecological footprint, as flax is a renewable resource and the fabric is biodegradable.

Linen’s even and open weave makes it particularly well-suited for counted thread embroidery and cross-stitching.

Its ability to handle moisture makes it durable and long-lasting, ideal for heirloom projects that will be cherished for generations.

Linen’s elegance and tactile qualities also make it a favored choice for projects that require a sophisticated touch. It can be really expensive! And, not all linen is the same – some has a more uneven texture, which is part of the appeal!

Popular types of Linen

Cashel Linen

Cashel Linen is a high-quality linen fabric typically available in 28-count. It offers the natural texture and beauty of linen with a slightly finer weave, making it suitable for detailed work.

It’s best for elegant projects that benefit from linen’s natural look and feel, such as heirloom pieces and gifts.

Belfast Linen

Belfast Linen is a softer and finer linen compared to Cashel, usually available in 32-count. It is well-loved for its smooth texture and slightly glossy finish.

It’s best for advanced projects that require fine, detailed stitching, and a luxurious finish.

Edinburgh Linen

Edinburgh Linen is typically a 36-count linen, known for its fine and even texture. It provides a tight weave that is excellent for advanced needlework requiring intricate detail.

It’s best for detailed designs where high stitch count is necessary, and a refined look is desired.

Newcastle Linen

Newcastle Linen is a 40-count linen known for its ultra-fine texture. It’s one of the finest linens available for needlework, providing a superb base for extremely detailed stitching.

It’s best for expert stitchers looking to create very detailed and delicate designs.

Colour Options

Linen fabric traditionally embraces its natural and rustic charm with a color range that reflects this aesthetic.

Natural linen hues such as oatmeal, ecru, and raw are predominant, celebrating the fabric’s organic quality.

However, dyed linens are also available in a broad spectrum from soft pastels to deep, saturated colors, allowing for versatility in project design.


Lugana is smooth and luxurious, made from a cotton-viscose (rayon) blend, and is available in 25 to 32 counts.


It’s typically produced in Europe, notably by Zweigart, with some from Italy, a country renowned for its fine textiles. The blend of cotton and viscose gives Lugana its distinctive smooth texture and durability.

It’s been a popular choice in the needlework community for several decades. Its development is tied to the evolution of modern textile manufacturing techniques that allow for the precise blending and weaving of different fibers.

Crafters appreciate Lugana for its softness and ease of handling, especially for detailed cross-stitching and embroidery projects.

Its even weave provides a clear, defined grid pattern that aids in stitch accuracy and alignment. The fabric’s ability to drape well also makes it a favorite for creating finished pieces that look elegant and professional.

Colour Options

Lugana offers a refined selection of colors, focusing on elegance and subtlety suitable for sophisticated needlework.

Common colors include soft pastels like peach, mint, and sky blue, as well as neutral tones such as ivory, taupe, and grey. Lugana is also available in richer, deeper shades like burgundy, navy, and forest green, providing versatility for various design aesthetics.



Jobelan is soft, wrinkle-resistant, and made from a cotton-modal blend, typically found in 28 or 32 counts.

Like Lugana, Jobelan is also predominantly manufactured in Europe, with a significant amount of production in the United States. The fabric is a blend of cotton and modal—a type of rayon that is exceptionally soft, made from beech trees.

Jobelan was introduced in the latter part of the 20th century, as textile manufacturers sought to create fabrics that combined natural and synthetic fibers to offer both practicality and luxury in needlework applications.

Jobelan’s primary appeal lies in its softness and wrinkle resistance, making it a durable choice that stays neat and presentable even after extensive handling.

The blend of fibers provides a slight sheen, enhancing the aesthetic appeal of the embroidered or stitched project. It’s also known for its versatility, being suitable for both casual and high-end decorative pieces.

Colour options

Jobelan is appreciated for its soft and muted color palette, which complements its smooth texture and slight sheen.

Typical colors include gentle whites, creams, and beiges, alongside pastel pinks, blues, and lavenders.

For those seeking more intensity, there are options like wine reds, deep blues, and rich greens. Jobelan’s color range supports both contemporary and traditional needlework projects.


Known for its fine texture, this 28-count cotton fabric is easy to use, and is also produced by Zweigart, among others.


It is mostly made of cotton and sometimes blended with small amounts of other fibers to enhance texture. It’s a relatively newer entrant in the cross stitch fabric market compared to more traditional evenweave materials.

It was developed to offer an alternative that combines the classic appeal of pure cotton with the advantages of modern fabric processing technologies.

Cross stitchers like Brittney’s fine texture and consistent weave, which makes precise intricate stitching easier, and great for projects where a softer feel and fine detailing are desired.

The fabric’s natural composition makes it appealing to those seeking eco-friendly material options.

Colour Options

Brittney generally sticks to a more classic color range, focusing on usability and flexibility.

It’s available in essential colors like white, ecru, and light beige, which are perfect for projects requiring a subtle and understated backdrop.

Limited editions and special dyes may occasionally introduce more vibrant or unusual colors.

Other Popular Evenweave Fabrics for Cross-Stitch


Monaco is a 100% cotton fabric that is commonly available in a 28-count. It provides a crisp and sturdy base for needlework, making it easier to work with, especially for beginners.

It’s best for projects that require a more substantial feel and durability without the sheerness of some finer evenweaves.

Murano (Lugana 32)

Often referred to simply as Murano, this blend of cotton and modal or viscose offers a 32-count weave. It is similar to Lugana but provides a different hand and slightly different fiber blend.

It’s best for versatile projects where a smooth finish and durability are important.


Traditionally used for Hardanger embroidery, this fabric is usually cotton, and its weave provides a grid pattern that makes cross stitch precise and straightforward.

Best for hardanger embroidery and other counted thread techniques requiring a clear and consistent grid.

Comparing the Costs of Evenweave Fabrics

Fabric TypePrice RangeNotes
AidaLowMost affordable, perfect for beginners and widely available.
MonacoMedium100% cotton with a robust texture, very manageable for beginners.
JobelanMediumSoft and wrinkle-resistant, slightly cheaper than Lugana.
BrittneyMediumAffordable cotton fabric, good for detailed work on a budget.
HardangerMediumSpecifically designed for Hardanger embroidery, very precise.
LuganaMedium-HighSmooth blend of cotton and viscose, offering a premium feel.
Murano (Lugana 32)Medium-HighSimilar to Lugana, versatile for various needlework projects.
Cashel LinenMedium-HighFiner linen, perfect for projects requiring a delicate touch.
Belfast LinenHighSofter, finer linen for detailed stitching, slightly glossy.
Edinburgh LinenHighVery fine linen, ideal for very detailed work.
LinenHighPremium natural fabric, ideal for heirloom and sophisticated projects.
Newcastle LinenVery HighUltra-fine linen, among the most expensive for intricate designs.


Explanation of Pricing Tiers

  • Low: These are the most affordable options, excellent for beginners or large projects where cost is a significant consideration.
  • Medium: Fabrics in this range offer good quality at reasonable prices, making them suitable for a wide range of projects.
  • Medium-High: These fabrics are priced slightly higher due to their quality, texture, or blend, ideal for those who want a finer base for their stitching.
  • High: High-quality fabrics, often made from natural fibers, suitable for detailed and heirloom projects where the material’s look and feel add to the final product’s value.
  • Very High: The highest priced fabrics, typically very fine and best suited for advanced stitchers or projects that require meticulous detail.

Choosing the Right Evenweave for Your Project

The choice of evenweave depends on your project and personal preference.

Lugana, for example, balances ease of use and aesthetic appeal, making it an excellent choice for various skill levels.

Choosing the Right Fabric

When considering which fabric to choose for your needlework projects, it’s important to balance cost with the specific needs of your project:

  • Project Type: Complex projects might benefit from finer, more expensive fabrics like Linen or Lugana, while simpler projects, especially those for beginners, are well-suited to Aida.
  • Experience Level: Beginners might prefer Aida for its ease of use and lower cost, whereas more experienced stitchers might choose finer fabrics for detailed work.
  • Budget Constraints: Aida offers the best value for those on a strict budget, while those who can invest more might consider Linen or Lugana for their superior qualities.

Choosing the Right Color

When selecting a color for your fabric, consider the following:

  • Project Theme: Match the fabric color with the theme or style of your project. Lighter colors are great for daytime scenes or soft designs, while darker tones can set the mood for more dramatic pieces.
  • Thread Visibility: Choose a fabric color that contrasts well with your thread colors to ensure that your stitching stands out.
  • Room Decor: If the finished project is intended for display, consider the colors of the room where it will be placed.

The variety of colors available in these evenweave fabrics ensures that needleworkers can find the perfect match for any project, enhancing both the enjoyment of the crafting process and the beauty of the completed work.

Caring for Your Evenweave Fabric

Handle evenweave fabrics gently to avoid distorting the fabric.

They should be washed and ironed carefully, typically with the fabric slightly damp, and ironed from the back to protect the fibers.

In the end –

Whether you’re a newbie or a needlework expert, understanding evenweave fabrics is key to successful projects. From the sturdy and beginner-friendly Aida to the luxurious Lugana, there’s an evenweave for everyone.


What distinguishes Aida from other evenweave fabrics?

Aida’s grid-like, open weave structure makes it easier for beginners to see and count stitches.

Can I use regular floss on evenweave fabrics?

Yes, cotton threads work well on evenweave, though the choice of thread can vary based on the fabric’s thread count.

How do I keep my evenweave fabric from getting wrinkled?

Store it flat or rolled, and iron it gently when needed.

What’s the best thread count for detailed embroidery?

For intricate designs, a higher thread count, like 28 to 32, is recommended.

Is it possible to machine wash evenweave fabrics?

Yes, but always check the fabric’s care label and use a gentle cycle.

Now that you know about evenweave fabrics, you’re ready to choose the perfect material for your next project.

Enjoy your stitching journey!



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